James Bay Agreement

10 april 2021

In the 1960s, Quebec began developing potential hydroelectric resources in the North and established the James Bay Development Corporation in 1971 to monitor the development of the mining industry, the forestry industry and other potential resources, starting with the James Bay Hydroelectric project. This massive undertaking, led by an increasingly confident Quebec government, without consulting the natives, was rejected by most Cree and Inuit in northern Quebec. The Quebec Association of Indians – a group of ad hoc representatives from Northern Quebec – sued the government and obtained, on November 15, 1973, an injunction before the Quebec Superior Court that blocked the development of hydroelectricity until the province negotiated an agreement with Aboriginal nations. Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) offers Inuit programs through the Quebec Housing Corporation (SHQ) under federal-provincial cost-sharing agreements. The SHQ provides and manages these programs. In 2008-2010, cmhc made $114,831,300 available to the SHQ for Inuit in Nunavik. The James Bay Agreement addresses a number of issues and is the first Canadian-indigenous treaty since the 1920s to have few similarities to previous treaties, but it has become the prototype of the many agreements reached since then. The James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement (James Bay and Northern Quebec Convention) is an Aboriginal settlement approved by the Cree and Inuit in northern Quebec in 1975 and slightly modified in 1978 by the Northern Quebec Accord (French: Quebec Northeast Accord). The agreement covers economic development and property issues in northern Quebec, as well as the establishment of a series of cultural, social and governmental institutions for Aboriginal peoples who are members of treaty communities. In addition to the payment of Aboriginal rights and financial compensation, the agreements have defined Aboriginal rights and regimes for future Aboriginal-non-Aboriginal relations in the region, as well as between local, regional, provincial and federal governments. Harvest rights have been granted, land classes have been defined and resource management rules have been established. School boards have been created, health services have been restructured and regional governments have been established.

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Bankgiro 253-8445